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What is Metal Fabrication?

Wondering what metal fabrication means? Metal fabrication is a manufacturing process that involves shaping, cutting, and assembling metal materials to create a wide range of products and structures. It is a crucial part of various industries, including construction, automotive, aerospace, machinery manufacturing, and more. Metal fabrication typically involves the following key processes:

  1. Cutting: This step involves cutting the metal into the desired shapes and sizes. Common methods include shearing (straight-line cutting), laser cutting, plasma cutting, water jet cutting, and sawing.

  2. Forming: Metal sheets or plates are bent, folded, or otherwise manipulated to achieve the desired shape. Common forming processes include bending, rolling, and stamping.

  3. Machining: Metal pieces may be further shaped and finished using machining techniques such as milling, drilling, and turning to achieve precise dimensions and smooth surfaces.

  4. Welding: Welding is the process of joining metal parts together using heat and often a filler material. There are various welding techniques, including arc welding, MIG (Metal Inert Gas) welding, TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welding, and spot welding.

  5. Assembly: Components produced through cutting, forming, machining, and welding are assembled into the final product. This can involve the use of fasteners, adhesives, or additional welding.

  6. Finishing: After assembly, metal parts may undergo finishing processes such as grinding, polishing, painting, or coating to enhance their appearance, protect against corrosion, or meet specific functional requirements.

  7. Quality Control: Metal fabrication shops typically have quality control measures in place to ensure that the final products meet specified standards and tolerances. This may include inspections, measurements, and testing.


The choice of fabrication method and techniques depends on factors like the type of metal being used (e.g., steel, aluminum, stainless steel), the complexity of the design, and the intended application. At Specialty Metals we fabricate metal of all types for general contractors, HVAC companies, roofing companies, gutter companies and more across Northwest Florida.


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